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“The Study of English Language“ and “The Study of English Literature“ together are a complete resource for students in highschool and college, ESL students and writers. They cover all your questions in a simple to read, concise approach with examples to practice and methods to self-correct your own work. They are the best reference guides to help with all your language and essay assignments.

These books are proven manuals having been used and refined in school systems for over thirty years.

This is the perfect study tool for Grade seven up to college and university. Although this book is designed primarily for regular class study it is also a highly effective guide for dyslexic and ESL students in high school.

“The Study of English Language” was developed over thirty years by a high school English teacher. She wrote this book and its companion “The Study of English Literature” when she saw a need for clear and easy-to-use manuals for her students. She would make copies for her classes and then happily turn a blind eye when her students would keep her books for college and university.

It is the best guide available for students, teachers and writers to help perfect and understand the use of the sentence, the paragraph, the essay and the research essay from Grade Seven through Twelve and into university. 

For the classroom teacher, this book provides a simple, but in-depth resource of language and composition skills, definitions and exercises, all logically organized to help students develop efficiency, purpose and clarity in their writing. “The Study of English Language” and its companion book “The Study of English Literature” have been used and revised for over 30 years in many school systems.


Chapter One: Word Skills

Unit I Origin and Roots of Words Unit II Vocabulary and Pronunciation Unit III Syllabication

Chapter Two: The Sentence

Unit I. Sentence Structure

A. Kinds of Sentences

1. Declarative
2. Imperative
3. Interrogative
4. Exclamatory

B. Sentence structural order: Subject and predicate

Unit II. Eight Part of Speech

1. Nouns
2. Pronouns
3. Adjectives
4. Verbs
5. Adverbs
6. Prepositions
7. Conjunctions
8. Interjections

Chapter Three: Phrases and Clauses

Unit I. Phrases

1. Prepositional
2. Adjective
3. Adverb
4. Verbals and verbal phrases
5. Appositive, appositive phrases
Unit II. Principal and Subordinate Clauses 1. Principal clause
2. Subordinate clause
3. Adjective clause
4. Adverb clause
5. Noun clause

Chapter Four: Sentence Patterns and Structure

Unit I. Eight Sentence Patterns

Unit II. Combining Sentence Patterns

A. Coordination and subordination

1. Coordinating conjunctions
2. Correlative conjunctions
3. Combining ideas
4. Faulty coordination

B. Four major sentence patterns

1. Simple
2. Compound
3. Complex
4. Compound-complex

C. Parallel Structure

1. Grammatical parallelism
2. Coordinate ideas
3. Compared or contrasted ideas
4. Correlative construction
5. Placing correlative conjunctions
6. Repetition to clarify meaning

Unit III. Variations in Sentence Patterns

1. Inverted Order
2. Passive voice
3. Modifiers
4. Noun substitutes

Unit IV. Variations in Sentence Beginnings

1. Appositive
2. Single word modifiers
3. Phrase modifiers
4. Verbal phrases
5. Clause modifiers

Unit V. Variety through Sentence Length

1. Using subordination
2. Avoiding "stringy" sentences
3. Sentence arrangement (loose, periodic)

Chapter Five : Principal and Subordinate Clauses

Unit I. Avoiding Structural Errors

1. Sentence fragments
2. Lack of parallelism
3. Faulty punctuation of clauses
4. Comma splice (fault)

Unit II. Gaining Clear Pronoun Reference

1. Ambiguous reference
2. General references
3. Indefinite use of the pronoun
4. Weak references

Unit III. Avoiding Errors in Usage

1. Commonly confused words
2. Double negatives
3. Redundancy (tautology, wordiness)
4. Faulty comparison

Unit IV. Using the Correct Parts of Speech

1. Incorrect case of noun or pronoun
2. Agreement of pronouns and antecedents
3. Agreement in number
4. Incorrect verb tense
5. Wrong use of indicative mood
6. Dangling modifiers
7. Misplaced modifiers

Chapter Six: Punctuation

Unit I. Capitalization

Unit II. Abbreviations and Contractions

Unit III. Punctuation Marks

1. Period
2. Comma
3. Semicolon
4. Colon
5. Dash
6. Hyphen
7. Parentheses
8. Underlining and italics
9. The apostrophe
10. Quotation marks
11. Exclamation mark

Chapter Seven: Elements of Style

Unit I. Sentence Variety and Structure

1. Variety through sentence length
2. Kinds of sentences
3. Loose and periodic sentence
4. Parallel structure
5. Balanced sentences
6. Inverted structural order
7. Simple or ornate sentences
8. Order of climax

Unit II. Diction

1. Formal and informal language
2. Simple or ornate language
3. Informal speech and style

Unit III. Tone

1. Figures of speech
2. Denotation and connotation
3. Rhythm of words
4. Mood
5. Contrasts
6. Literary devices
7. Motifs

Unit IV. Clarity in Style

1. Unity
2. Coherence
3. Emphasis
4. Transition

Unit V. Sample of Style Analysis

Chapter Eight: Preparatory Skills for Essays

Unit I. Analyzing the Essay Question

Unit II. Outlining the Essay Topic

1. Preparing to write an outline
2. Format for outlining
3. Two Styles of outlining
- Topic outline - Sentence outline

Unit III. Paraphrasing

Unit IV. The Precis

Chapter Nine: The Paragraph

Unit I. Developing the Paragraph

1. Methods of paragraph development
2. Order of paragraph development
3. Topics and the topic sentence
4. Composing the topic sentence

Unit II. Types of Paragraphs

1. Analysis
2. Argument
3. Description
4. Exposition
5. Illustration and Analogy
6. Narration

Unit III. Writing the Paragraph

1. The topic sentence
2. The body of the paragraph
3. The concluding sentence

Unit IV. Polishing the Paragraph

1. Unity of ideas
2. Coherence
3. Emphasis
4. Transition

Chapter Ten: Writing the Essay

Unit I. Characteristics of the Essay

1. Informal
2. Formal
3. Goals in formal essay writing

Unit II. Preparing the Formal Essay

1. Analyzing the essay question
2. Composing the topic sentence
3. Composing the topic paragraph
4. Directing your arguments

Unit III. Writing the Essay

1. Topic paragraph
2. Body of the essay
3. Concluding paragraph

Unit IV. An Analysis of a Sample Essay

Chapter Eleven: The Research Essay

Unit I. Researching the Essay

1. Analyzing the question
2. Compiling a research outline
3. Collecting and recording research material
4. Recording documentation

Unit II. Composing the Rough Draft of the Essay

1. Defining the thesis
2. Writing a rough outline
3. Composing the first draft
4. Concluding the essay
Unit III. Writing the Final Draft of the Essay 1. Formal topic outline
2. Structuring the final draft
3. Formatting the finished essay

Unit IV. Check List for Final Draft of Essay

Chapter Twelve: Footnotes and Bibliography

Unit I. Footnotes

1. Purpose of footnotes
2. Locating footnotes on a page
3. What must be footnoted
4. What not to footnote
5. Plagiarism

Unit II. Footnoting Quotations

1. Single words, phrases and sentences quoted verbatim
2. Quoting Partial Sentences
3. Footnoting direct quotations
4. Locating footnotes in your essay

Unit III. Formatting and Recording Footnotes

1. File cards in documenting footnotes
2. Accuracy in footnoting
3. Punctuating footnotes
4. Repeated footnote references
5. Shortened footnote format

Unit IV. Examples of Footnotes

Unit V. Bibliography

1. Compiling the bibliography list
2. Examples of bibliography notes

Glossary of terminology Answer Key Index